Signs of Worm Infection

abdominal pain in the presence of worms

Helminthiases are common in humans. The reason for this is the wide habitat of various types of helminths in nature. Moreover, it is not at all difficult to become infected with it: water, food, dirty hands, contact with pets can be a source of infection. Signs of worm infection may develop differently for each person, but most often patients complain of general malaise, stomach pain, fever and other manifestations of the disease. So, today we will talk about the symptoms and treatment of helminths in humans.

Helminths in the human body

Worms are scientifically called helminths. Helminths are all worms that parasitize human, animal and plant organisms. Accordingly, worms are not a specific type of parasite, but a whole group of different worms, three of which are the most common.

human body worms

In modern society, worms are still widespread. Especially often helminthic invasion occurs in children, hunters, fishermen and their families, as well as rural residents. Worms are a large detachment of parasitic worms that live on animals and plants, feeding and multiplying inside the donor's body

Worms are a large detachment of parasitic worms that live on animals and plants, feeding and reproducing inside the donor's body. The man is no exception. Only on the territory of our country there are more than 70 species of parasites. According to statistics, every third inhabitant of the Earth is infected with parasitic worms. It is assumed that there is not a single adult during whose life a single worm would not have settled in his body.

No matter how carefully parents monitor the cleanliness of their children's hands, it is almost impossible to protect them from worms (pinworms). Children explore the outside world, nature arouses special interest. They want to touch everything with their hands, to taste it. People who eat fish, meat of wild animals and birds, homemade milk are at risk of contracting trichinosis and diphyllobothriasis.

Modern medical data show that many diseases are due to helminthic invasion. For example, oncology has been clinically proven to be associated with long-term parasitic infestation. Signs of worms in humans are often misinterpreted by doctors and patients. They begin to treat non-existent diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Patients can consult a doctor for a long time, complaining of discomfort. They waste time, money and further harm their health by taking unnecessary medication. Ultimately, healing only occurs when the cause of the symptoms is eliminated. After proper treatment, all associated symptoms cease to bother patients.

In which organs can parasites live?

Parasitic worms are divided into two categories, which correspond to the site of activity in the donor's body:

  • abdominal - worms that live in various parts of the digestive tract. There are about 100 varieties of intestinal parasites, and for each section of intestine there are a few dozen species. The small intestine is ready to receive roundworms, antilost, large tapeworms and other less common "brothers". The small intestine will "share its living space" with pinworms, tapeworms and the rest. In the medical literature, cases are described when a person was simultaneously infected with several types of parasites;
  • tissue - worms localized in organs, tissues and even in the blood. Modern medicine successfully copes with paragonimiasis (lungs), cysticercosis (brain), echinococcosis (liver) and filariasis (lymphatic vessels). Some worm larvae move through the body through the circulatory system and randomly attach themselves to any organ. If many eggs are introduced, the whole organism can become infected.

How can you catch worms

Helminth infection through soil

Almost any contact with the soil poses a danger in terms of infection by parasites. Therefore, after working with the earth, it is necessary not only to wash your hands with soap and water, but to carefully treat your nails. It is important to monitor the length of nails in children and cut them in a timely manner. All products that grow in the ground and that a person eats raw should be washed in running water and scalded in boiling water. Almost any contact with the soil poses a danger in terms of infection by parasites. Therefore, after working with the earth, it is necessary not only to wash your hands with soap and water, but to carefully treat your nails.

human body worm

This applies to vegetables, fruits and herbs. Pets walking down the street can bring in a huge amount of dirt, including pests. Therefore, contact of children and pets always carries a risk of infection. Additionally, cats and dogs can carry almost all types of helminths. Among the insects that spread the infection, flies are recognized as the most dangerous. They are frequent inhabitants of toilets, cattle pens, after which they can freely crawl on food, carrying helminth eggs on their paws and wings;

Helminth infection of a sick person

When female pinworms mature in a child's body, they crawl over the skin of the anal folds to lay eggs. One individual leaves about 5000 eggs near the anus. The laying process causes the appearance of severe itching, as a result of which the child begins to comb the problem area. Eggs spread to underwear, bedding, hands of the child. Then he touches toys, doorknobs, furniture, and other household items with those hands. Other children and adults also affect them.

Helminth eggs are attached to their hands, after which they are brought to the mouth during meals. The risk of invasion increases several times if you neglect the rules of hygiene and do not wash your hands before eating, after visiting the toilet and public places. This is the transmission mechanism of helminths from person to person;

Helminth infection through water

The waterway of helminth distribution is also a real problem. A large number of eggs fall in open water, in wells, springs, etc. Therefore, it is so important to use filters with bactericidal effect, especially for people who live in rural areas. Always boil before drinking. The waterway of helminth distribution is also a real problem.

Parents should ensure that children do not swallow water while swimming in lakes and rivers. Also, you should not drink water from open sources, even springs. Children are most susceptible to helminthiasis. This is due to some reasons. Firstly, it is easier for helminths to get along in the body of a child, since his defenses are not yet fully formed, and the acidity of gastric juice is low compared to the acidity of adult gastric juice. Secondly, the child learns to follow the rules of hygiene by himself around 5-6 years old. Until then, he "tastes" everyone around him.

Therefore, the risk of invasion not only of the child, but also of all members of his family remains, at least until the baby enters school. No helminths are able to multiply and exist endlessly in the human body. All of them have a certain life expectancy, and after a while they simply die. For example, roundworms live no more than a year, and pinworms no more than 2 months. In order for a person to become infected again, it is necessary to reintroduce the eggs into the digestive tract. Only in this way can the life cycle of helminths continue.

If you exclude the possibility of reinfection, that is, reduce the probability of swallowing invasive helminth eggs to zero, you can get rid of them without any treatment. But for this it is necessary to observe strict rules of hygiene. Thus, pinworms can be removed from the body in 3-4 weeks. However, children of preschool and primary school age will certainly not be able to follow all the recommendations.

Definition of Worm Infection in Humans

The test for determining possible helminthiasis is to count the positive answers to the questions presented. By their number, conclusions can be drawn about the risk of the presence of helminths in the body:

  • itching in the anus periodically or constantly disturbs; headache often, dizziness occurs; rashes appear on the skin; nausea often occurs, which can lead to vomiting; preoccupied with bloating, unstable stools (constipation is replaced by diarrhea);
  • the quality of sleep at night deteriorated. Worried about insomnia, cries in a dream; the lower limbs often swell; the lymph nodes are enlarged; allergic reactions occur (bronchial asthma, urticaria, cough and rhinitis of an allergic nature); periodically there are pains in the abdomen, which pass on their own; a bitter taste appears in the mouth; continues chronic fatigue and fatigue; there are preschool children in the house. Work in a preschool educational institution;
  • the skin and mucous membranes have a yellow tint; body temperature rises periodically for no apparent reason; sometimes the joints and muscles hurt; grinding your teeth or snoring while sleeping; the diet includes products such as: sushi, dried fish, lard with meat inclusions; the weight is reduced. Increased or decreased appetite; fruits and vegetables that a person eats should not be washed or scalded with boiling water.

If there are more than seven positive responses, there is a risk of the presence of helminths in the body. If there are more than 15 positive responses, the probability of helminthiasis is very high and it is necessary to seek the advice of a specialist.

Symptoms of worm infection in humans

The signs that the worms have started in the body are not always easy to distinguish. Very often they are confused with the symptoms of other diseases or completely ignored, believing that nothing special is happening and the body is simply tired. However, this neglect may eventually end in a visit to the operating table due to an advanced case, instead of buying pills, if the person goes to the doctor immediately.

Therefore, you should definitely consult a doctor if you suspect or experience several symptoms of the appearance of helminths from the list below. And it's definitely time to take care of yourself if suddenly the worms come out with feces (it's hard to believe, but there are people who can't be scared off even by this unambiguous symptom of helminthiasis! ):

  • itching (an irresistible urge to scratch) near the anus. Usually this feeling is pronounced at night before going to bed. This symptom of pinworms can be called almost the main sign that the parasites have wound up in your body;
  • rashes and skin irritation. Helminths are not the first thing that comes to mind when such changes occur in the body. Usually people think of allergies, exposure to chemicals, or mild poisoning. However, some worms cause symptoms similar to these in adults and children. The reason is simple - the struggle of the immune system with unexpected "parasitic guests";
  • headache. This symptom is suitable for almost any disease, but it was still worth mentioning. Dizziness and pain again occur due to the work of the immune system and the release of harmful substances from helminths;
  • involuntary pains in the abdomen and taste of mustard in the mouth. This is due to the fact that human worms do not behave peacefully enough, stick to circulatory systems, travel through the body, make their own rules in the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract), and release harmful substances duringof their life;
  • dead worms come out with the feces. They are not always distinguishable, but in this case they are a sure symptom of helminthiasis. Do not think that feces with worms are a sign that they are leaving, and the body will defeat the parasites on its own. Not at all! The fact is that some types of helminths (for example, pinworms or roundworms) can live no more than a month or two. But this does not mean that they did not have time to leave their offspring and, through you, to infect people with whom you communicate closely;
  • loss or increase in appetite and inexorable weight loss. Even if you'd like to lose weight, getting worms probably isn't the best idea. And although there are clinics that offer weight loss services by injecting parasites into the body, the safety of their services is questionable (more on fecal matter and microorganism transplantation;
  • a symptom of worms in humans, but a clear provoking factor of the disease. So if you have other symptoms and you have a pet, be sure to get your body checked for worms. It is possible to become infected with worms from a cat or dog, and this often happens to their owners if preventive measures are abandoned;
  • diarrhea, constipation, flatulence. The main symptoms of worms in humans are manifested in their habitat, usually the area of the abdomen, intestines and all places near it;
  • it is impossible to get enough sleep, grinding of teeth, frequent change of position for sleeping. In most types of helminths, the main activity occurs at night, and therefore while you sleep, inside you are "bubbling with life";
  • work near animals or in public places. If you work in a kindergarten, school, farm or store clerk, you are much more likely to catch helminths from someone than if you work in an office or at home.

Unfortunately, there are no identical symptoms for all types of worms in an adult or a child, since each species manifests itself in different ways, is located in different places and parasitizes on various aspects of our body.

Treatment of helminths in humans

The treatment of helminths is called deworming. It can be medical or surgical (some helminths can only be removed by surgery). Folk methods of treating helminthic invasion are also popular. In addition, you should also take care of your personal hygiene and follow kitchen rules. It is very important to take measures to stimulate the immune system, since during helminthiasis it is depressed. To rid the human body of helminths, you will need to take antiparasitic drugs. They have activity against various types of worms, which is why a doctor should prescribe them. In addition, there are broad-spectrum drugs, but that does not mean that they can be used alone.

About 70 species of helminths parasitize, including: trematodes, nematodes and cestodes. Only a doctor can determine which parasite lives in the human body based on laboratory tests (fecal analysis, scraping for enterobiasis, blood test for giardiasis, etc. ).

Currently, parasitologists have in their arsenal about 10 different drugs that make it possible to treat patients with helminthiasis. The dosage and duration of treatment is selected in each case individually and depends on the age of the patient, the type of helminths, the presence of concomitant diseases.

Since some drugs are not able to destroy helminth larvae, but act only on adults, the risk of reinfection remains. To minimize it, it is necessary to undergo a second treatment after 14-21 days.

Folk remedies for worms in humans

To get rid of helminthiasis, you can try various foods that have been proven to fight parasites. Even our grandmothers were cured for such a scourge by cracking pumpkin seeds (by the way, they still have a lot of zinc).

Red beet juice helps well - you need to drink it 1 tbsp. I. daily throughout the week. Watermelon is considered an effective remedy, but pregnant women should not get carried away too much: after all, there is a lot of fluid in watermelons, which leads to an additional load on the kidneys and swelling. A useful remedy for worms during pregnancy is fresh pomegranate. In addition to the fact that it cleanses the body of helminths, everyone knows about its magical property - to increase hemoglobin, and it is very often recommended to pregnant women. It is therefore a double benefit for the body.

Herbal teas are useful and effective: cranberries, marigolds, valerian. Moreover, they can be drunk both pure and combined with each other. The leaves of these medicinal herbs will help get rid of helminths, but at the same time they have a mild and mild effect.

You can use not only teas, but also healing decoctions. In your case, chamomile, lavender and strawberry will be the best option.

Prevention of worm infection in humans

Despite the significant difference in the development cycles of various worms, a number of preventive measures can be identified, the observance of which will help to avoid the disease. Mandatory washing of hands with soap after contact with the earth and animals, going to the toilet and on the street, as well as before eating - prevention of parasites

It is important to remember that the likelihood of infection with worms depends on a person's observance of the simplest rules of personal hygiene, the most important of which are:

  • compulsory washing of hands with soap after contact with the ground and animals, going to the toilets and in the street, as well as before eating;
  • short trimming of fingernails and toenails (especially in children), as well as keeping them clean;
  • thorough washing of vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs and other products that may contain soil and worm eggs;
  • eat meat and fish purchased only in reliable places (shops and public catering establishments) and subjected to thorough heat treatment to destroy worm eggs;
  • use only water from well-maintained water supplies;
  • refusal to swim in water bodies located near pastures and watering places due to the high probability of introducing worm eggs into them with animal feces;
  • the destruction of flies and other insects that carry worm eggs on their feet.

Currently, there are recommendations for regular preventive deworming (treatment of worms) with drugs without prior laboratory tests.

To avoid re-infection with worms, such events should be carried out by all family members at the same time, as well as pets, since they are often the cause of helminthic invasion. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that the prevention of worms with such drugs is carried out only by a doctor and only after a personal consultation.